Optic nerve disorder occurs when there is injury to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is part of the central nervous system. It is the second of a dozen pairs of cranial nerves and it provides a connection from the eyes to the brain. If it is damaged it can cause problems with vision.
Stem cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are immature cells that have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types in the body. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed. Alternatively, the stem cells originate from a donor, this is the allongenic approach.
The stem cells are then transplanted into the patient. They can then self-generate themselves into new cells, replacing the ones that have been damaged in the optic nerve. This should help to improve vision.