Periodontisis is the result of untreated inflammation or infection of the gums, which leads to it spreading to the ligaments and bone that support the teeth. This can result in tooth loss.
Stem cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are immature cells that have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types in the body. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed. Alternatively, the stem cells originate from a donor, this is the allongenic approach.
The stem cells are then implanted into the patient where they can travel to the affect areas. They can then self-generate into new healthy cells with the aim to replace and repair the damaged tissue.