Peripheral arterial disease is a disease of the arteries and blood vessels. The blood vessels and arteries are responsible to carrying blood from the heart to the rest of the body. The disease causes narrowing of the arteries, which reduces the blood supply to the muscles and limbs although it most commonly affects the legs. This can cause pain in the legs when walking.
Stem cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are immature cells that have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types in the body. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed.
The stem cells are then injected back into the patient with the aim to repair and replace the affected blood vessels and arteries. Therefore, this increases the blood flow and helps to alleviate the symptoms of peripheral arterial disease.