The stomach is a muscular bag in the abdomen that digests food. Stomach cancer develops as a result of cell changes in the lining of the stomach which results in a build up of tissue (tumour). The cancer cells can spread to surrounding organs (localized spread) or into the blood stream and lymph system which causes it to spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). About 95% of stomach cancers are called adenocarcinomas and starts in the glandular tissue.Stomach cancer is caused by a combination of heredity and environmental factors, such as smoking. There are different ways to treat stomach cancer, the most effective being surgery. The sooner the disease is diagnosed the greater the chances of recovery. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also effective treatments and can help to reduce the size of the tumour so it is possible to operate on it.