Ataxia is a progressive central neurological disorder. It is caused by damage to the nervous system and death of the nerve cells that are responsible for balance and co-ordination.
Stem cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are immature cells that have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types in the body. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed.
The stem cells are then re-implanted into the patient where they can then self-generate into new cells to replace and repair the damaged nerves and tissues that have caused the disease. This should then reduce the progression of the disease.