Autism is a central neurological disorder that causes difficulty with social interaction and communication. Autism affects the way that information is processed in the brain by a change in the way that nerve cells and their synapses connect.
Stem cells have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed. Alternatively, the stem cells originate from a donor, this is the allongenic approach.
The stem cells are then implanted into the patient where they will travel to the affected areas. They can then self-generate into new cells, replacing and repairing the neurons that are damaged. The stem cells will also improve blood flow to the brain and encourage growth of blood vessels.