Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart causing heart muscle dysfunction. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is when the cells in the heart muscle wall are thickened causing the heart to become stiff. Dilated Cardiomyopathy is when the heart muscle wall becomes thin and floppy. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular Cardiomyopathy is when the heart muscle cells are replaced with fatty tissue. These all result in inadequate blood supply to the body as the heart is unable to pump sufficiently.
Stem cells have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored. These stem cells are then injected back into the patient where they can regenerate themselves into new cardiac cells and restore the hearts ability to pump an adequate blood supply around the body.