Crohns disease is a chronic autoimmune disorder and occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract, causing inflammation of the lining of the digestive system, which can overtime cause damage. Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhoea and fatigue.
Stem cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are immature cells that have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types in the body. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition.
Firstly, the stem cells are collected from the patient’s bone marrow. The patient will then receive extremely high doses of chemotherapy, this virtually destroys the immune system so that the body can re-learn how to defend itself. The stem cells are then implanted back into the body with the aim to regenerate the immune system and therefore produce blood cells free of the autoimmune antibodies that cause the condition.