Traumatic brain injury is a damage to the brain that is acquired due to sudden trauma. The damage can either affect just one area of the brain or many areas.
Stem cells are produced in the bone marrow. They are immature cells that have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types in the body. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed. Alternatively, the stem cells originate from a donor, this is the allongenic approach.
The stem cells are then implanted into the patient and will travel to the affected area of the brain. They can then self-generate into new brain cells and promote tissue growth with the aim to repair the areas that have been damaged.