Joint trauma occurs when there is damage to the structure of the synovial joints which can cause pain and swelling. The synovial joints consist of the cartilage, bone and joint fluid, which are all contained within a joint capsule. Research has suggested that joint trauma may increase the likelihood of developing osteoarthritis.
Stem cells have the potential to self-generate themselves into many different cell types. Autologus stem cell therapy is when the patients own stem cells are used to treat the condition. Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells are collected from the patient and then frozen and stored until they are needed.
The stem cells are then implanted back into the affected area of the patient. They can then self-generate themselves into new cells which help to repair the damaged tissue.